Honokiol inhibits the inflammatory reaction during cerebral ischemia reperfusion by suppressing NF-κB activation and cytokine production of glial cells

Peng Zhang, Xiaoyan Liu, Yuanjun Zhu, Shizhong Chen, Demin Zhou, Yinye Wang
Neuroscience Letters 2013 February 8, 534: 123-7
This study was designed to investigate the effects of honokiol, a neuroprotective agent, on cerebral edema in cerebral ischemia reperfusion (IR) mice and its mechanism of anti-inflammation. Honokiol (0.7-70μg/kg) significantly reduced brain water contents and decreased the exudation of Evans blue dye from brain capillaries in cerebral IR mice. Honokiol (0.1-10μM) significantly reduced the p65 subunit level of NF-κB in the nucleus of primary culture-microglia. It (0.01-10μM) evidently reduced nitric oxide (NO) level in the microglia culture medium and in the microglia and astrocytes coculture medium. Honokiol (0.01-10μM) significantly decreased the level of TNF-α in the microglia medium or coculture cell medium. Honokiol (10μM) decreased the level of Regulated upon Activation Normal T-cell Expressed and Secreted (RANTES/CCL5) protein in medium of microglia or astrocytes. In conclusion, Honokiol has a potent anti-inflammatory effect in cerebral ischemia-reperfusion mice and this effect might be attributed to its inhibition ability on the NF-κB activation, consequently blocking the production of inflammatory factors including: NO, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) and RANTES/CCL5 in glial cells. These results provide evidence for the anti-inflammatory effect of honokiol for the potential treatment of ischemic stroke.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"