A Resin-linker-vector approach to radiopharmaceuticals containing 18F: application in the synthesis of O-(2-[18F]-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine

Amy C Topley, Valerio Isoni, Thomas A Logothetis, Duncan Wynn, Harry Wadsworth, Alex M R Gibson, Imtiaz Khan, Neil J Wells, Cécile Perrio, Richard C D Brown
Chemistry: a European Journal 2013 January 28, 19 (5): 1720-5
A Resin-linker-vector (RLV) strategy is described for the radiosynthesis of tracer molecules containing the radionuclide (18)F, which releases the labelled vector into solution upon nucleophilic substitution of a polystyrene-bound arylsulfonate linker with [(18)F]-fluoride ion. Three model linker-vector molecules 7a-c containing different alkyl spacer groups were assembled in solution from (4-chlorosulfonylphenyl)alkanoate esters, exploiting a lipase-catalysed chemoselective carboxylic ester hydrolysis in the presence of the sulfonate ester as a key step. The linker-vector systems were attached to aminomethyl polystyrene resin through amide bond formation to give RLVs 8a-c with acetate, butyrate and hexanoate spacers, which were characterised by using magic-angle spinning (MAS) NMR spectroscopy. On fluoridolysis, the RLVs 8a,b containing the longer spacers were shown to be more effective in the release of the fluorinated model vector (4-fluorobutyl)phenylcarbamic acid tert-butyl ester (9) in NMR kinetic studies and gave superior radiochemical yields (RCY≈60%) of the (18) F-labelled vector. The approach was applied to the synthesis of the radiopharmaceutical O-(2-[(18)F]-fluoroethyl)-L-tyrosine ([(18) F]-FET), delivering protected [(18) F]-FET in >90% RCY. Acid deprotection gave [(18)F]-FET in an overall RCY of 41% from the RLV.

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