RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
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Single-port laparoscopic appendectomy versus conventional laparoscopic appendectomy: a prospective randomized controlled study.

Annals of Surgery 2013 Februrary
OBJECTIVE: To compare surgical outcomes and quality of life between single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPLA) and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) in patients with acute appendicitis.

BACKGROUND: A prospective randomized single center study was performed to compare the outcome of SPLA and CLA in patients with acute appendicitis.

METHODS: A total of 248 patients were randomized, but because of 18 withdrawals, the outcome of 224 is analyzed, 116 in CLA and 114 in SPLA.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the overall complication rate (P = 0.470). There were no significant differences in infectious complications between the SPLA group and the CLA group (10.2% and 12.4%, respectively). The wound complication rate between the 2 groups was not significant (5.1% and 10.6%, respectively; P = 0.207). Cosmetic satisfaction score, 36-item short-form health survey, and postoperative pain scores were not significantly different between 2 groups.

CONCLUSIONS: SPLA failed to show any advantages over CLA relative to pain and cosmesis. However, SPLA is as safe as CLA (RCT number 01348464).

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