JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Risk factors for coronary artery lesions in children with Kawasaki disease]

Yan Li, Xian-Min Wang, Yi-Ling Liu, Kun Shi, Yan-Feng Yang, Yong-Hong Guo
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics 2012, 14 (12): 938-41
23234782

OBJECTIVE: To study risk factors for the development of coronary artery lesions (CAL) in children with Kawasaki disease (KD).

METHODS: The clinical data of 527 children with KD between January 2006 and January 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. A total of 15 potential factors associated with occurrence of CAL were evaluated by univariate analysis and multivariate logistic regression analysis.

RESULTS: The univariate analysis showed that age, gender, KD type, starting time of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) treatment, response to IVIG treatment, additional treatment with corticosteroids, duration of fever and serum C-reactive protein level were significantly different between patients with and without CAL (P<0.05). Multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that an age of less than 1 year (OR=2.076, P<0.05) or greater than 8 years (OR=1.890, P<0.05), male sex (OR=1.972, P<0.05), incomplete KD (OR=1.426, P<0.05), delayed starting time of IVIG treatment (10 days after onset) (OR=3.251, P<0.05), no response to IVIG (OR=2.301, P<0.05) and fever duration of more than 10 days (OR=1.694, P<0.05) were independent risk factors for the development of CAL, whereas early starting time of IVIG treatment (before 5 days after onset) was a protective factor (OR=0.248, P<0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: The occurrence of CAL is associated with many factors in children with KD. Age of less than 1 year or greater than 8 years, male sex, incomplete KD, delayed IVIG treatment after onset, no response to IVIG treatment and prolonged fever duration have been identified as risk factors for the development of CAL.

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