In vivo kinematics comparison of fixed- and mobile-bearing total knee arthroplasty during deep knee bending motion

Xiaojun Shi, Bin Shen, Jing Yang, Pengde Kang, Zongke Zhou, Fuxing Pei
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2014, 22 (7): 1612-8

PURPOSE: The in vivo kinematics of fixed-bearing and mobile-bearing total knee prostheses remains unclear, particularly for knee flexion over 120°. The purpose of this study was to compare the in vivo kinematics of fixed-bearing and mobile-bearing posterior-stabilized prosthesis during deep knee bending with knee flexion exceeding 120° under weight-bearing conditions.

METHODS: In vivo kinematics was analysed for 20 patients implanted with either a fixed-bearing posterior-stabilized or mobile-bearing posterior-stabilized prosthesis. Under fluoroscopic surveillance, each patient performed weight-bearing deep knee bending. Motion between each component was analysed using a two- to three-dimensional registration technique, which uses computer-assisted design models to reproduce the spatial positions of the femoral and tibial components from single-view fluoroscopic images.

RESULTS: Patients who had fixed-bearing prostheses experienced posterior femoral rollback at a mean of 1.4 mm (SD 1.6) of the medial condyle, whereas patients who had mobile-bearing prostheses experienced 0.8 mm (SD 1.2). The posterior femoral rollback of the femoral lateral condyle in patients with a fixed-bearing prosthesis was a mean of 6.4 mm (SD 1.7) motion in the posterior direction, whereas patients who had a mobile-bearing prosthesis had 6.5 mm (SD 2.4) motion. The mean tibial internal rotation was 7.5° (SD 2.1) for fixed-bearing prosthesis and 9.2° (SD 3.2) for mobile-bearing prosthesis.

CONCLUSIONS: The present results demonstrated that the fixed-bearing and mobile-bearing posterior-stabilized designs had similar posterior condylar translation and tibial axial rotation during weight-bearing deep knee flexion exceeding 120°.

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