COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparative evaluation of fracture resistance under static and fatigue loading of endodontically treated teeth restored with carbon fiber posts, glass fiber posts, and an experimental dentin post system: an in vitro study

Khetarpal Ambica, Kavitha Mahendran, Sangeeta Talwar, Mahesh Verma, Govindaswamy Padmini, Ravishankar Periasamy
Journal of Endodontics 2013, 39 (1): 96-100
23228265

INTRODUCTION: This investigation sought to compare the fracture resistance under static and fatigue loading of endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber-reinforced composite posts and experimental dentin posts milled from human root dentin by using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing.

METHODS: Seventy maxillary central incisors were obturated and divided into 4 groups: control group without any post (n = 10), carbon fiber post group (n = 20), glass fiber post group (n = 20), and dentin post group (n = 20). Control group teeth were prepared to a height of 5 mm. In all other teeth, post space was prepared; a post was cemented, and a core build-up was provided. Half the samples from each group were statistically loaded until failure, and the remaining half were subjected to cyclic loading, followed by monostatic load until fracture.

RESULTS: One-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni multiple comparisons revealed a significant difference among test groups. The control group demonstrated highest fracture resistance (935.03 ± 33.53 N), followed by the dentin post group (793.12 ± 33.69 N), glass fiber post group (603.44 ± 46.67 N), and carbon fiber post group (497.19 ± 19.27 N) under static loading. These values reduced to 786.69 ± 29.64 N, 646.34 ± 26.56 N, 470 ± 36.34 N, and 379.71 ± 13.95 N, respectively, after cyclic loading.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that human dentin can serve as post material under static and fatigue loading. Although at an early stage in research, the use of dentin posts in root-filled teeth looks promising.

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