Comparative evaluation of fracture resistance under static and fatigue loading of endodontically treated teeth restored with carbon fiber posts, glass fiber posts, and an experimental dentin post system: an in vitro study

Khetarpal Ambica, Kavitha Mahendran, Sangeeta Talwar, Mahesh Verma, Govindaswamy Padmini, Ravishankar Periasamy
Journal of Endodontics 2013, 39 (1): 96-100

INTRODUCTION: This investigation sought to compare the fracture resistance under static and fatigue loading of endodontically treated teeth restored with fiber-reinforced composite posts and experimental dentin posts milled from human root dentin by using computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing.

METHODS: Seventy maxillary central incisors were obturated and divided into 4 groups: control group without any post (n = 10), carbon fiber post group (n = 20), glass fiber post group (n = 20), and dentin post group (n = 20). Control group teeth were prepared to a height of 5 mm. In all other teeth, post space was prepared; a post was cemented, and a core build-up was provided. Half the samples from each group were statistically loaded until failure, and the remaining half were subjected to cyclic loading, followed by monostatic load until fracture.

RESULTS: One-way analysis of variance and Bonferroni multiple comparisons revealed a significant difference among test groups. The control group demonstrated highest fracture resistance (935.03 ± 33.53 N), followed by the dentin post group (793.12 ± 33.69 N), glass fiber post group (603.44 ± 46.67 N), and carbon fiber post group (497.19 ± 19.27 N) under static loading. These values reduced to 786.69 ± 29.64 N, 646.34 ± 26.56 N, 470 ± 36.34 N, and 379.71 ± 13.95 N, respectively, after cyclic loading.

CONCLUSIONS: Results suggest that human dentin can serve as post material under static and fatigue loading. Although at an early stage in research, the use of dentin posts in root-filled teeth looks promising.

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