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Effect of surgical intervention on the expression of leukemia inhibitory factor and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium of hydrosalpinx patients during the implantation window

Yiping Zhong, Jin Li, Haitao Wu, Ying Ying, Yafeng Liu, Canquan Zhou, Yanwen Xu, Xiaoting Shen, Quan Qi
Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine 2012, 4 (6): 1027-1031
23226768
The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of surgical intervention on the expression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium of patients with hydrosalpinx during the implantation window. A total of 60 patients with hydrosalpinx and 30 patients with tubal obstruction were recruited, and immunohistochemistry was performed to detect the expression of LIF and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium of hydrosalpinx patients before and after surgery and in the endometrium of patients with tubal obstruction. The expression of LIF and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium of hydrosalpinx patients before surgery was markedly lower than that of patients with tubal obstruction (P<0.05). Following surgery, the expression of LIF and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium of hydrosalpinx patients was comparable to that of patients with tubal obstruction (P>0.05). In addition, there was a pronounced difference in the expression of LIF and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium before and after surgery in patients with hydrosalpinx (P<0.05). Hydrosalpinx reduces the expression of LIF and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium during the implantation window. LIF and L-selectin ligand may be important factors influencing the endometrial receptivity of hydrosalpinx patients, and surgery is capable of improving the expression of LIF and L-selectin ligand in the endometrium during the implantation window.

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