JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effects of long-acting bronchodilators in COPD patients according to COPD severity and ICS use

Marc Decramer, Ronald Dahl, Oliver Kornmann, Stephanie Korn, David Lawrence, Danny McBryan
Respiratory Medicine 2013, 107 (2): 223-32
23219347

BACKGROUND: Indacaterol is a once-daily, long-acting β(2)-agonist bronchodilator that improves dyspnoea and health status in patients with moderate-to-severe COPD. While its bronchodilator effects have been shown to be maintained in different patient subgroups, effects on clinical outcomes in certain subgroups are not yet defined.

METHODS: Post-hoc analysis of pooled clinical study data to investigate efficacy and safety of indacaterol compared with placebo and other long-acting bronchodilators (formoterol, salmeterol, open-label tiotropium) in patient subgroups defined by COPD severity (GOLD stage II or III; n = 4082) and ICS use at baseline (no/yes; n = 4088). Efficacy outcomes were trough (24-h post-dose) FEV(1), dyspnoea (transition dyspnoea index; TDI) and health status (St George's Respiratory Questionnaire; SGRQ) after 26 weeks.

RESULTS: All active treatments significantly improved trough FEV(1) and dyspnoea compared with placebo, and all apart from open-label tiotropium improved health status compared with placebo. Among active treatments, indacaterol 150 μg had the best overall efficacy profile in the GOLD II and no-ICS subgroups. In the GOLD III and ICS subgroups, indacaterol 300 μg had the best overall efficacy, including a marked effect on dyspnoea (1.4-point improvement in TDI total score vs. placebo; p < 0.001). Within subgroups, the incidence of adverse events was similar between treatments.

CONCLUSION: Indacaterol maintained its efficacy regardless of disease severity or use of concurrent ICS. Indacaterol 150 μg had the best overall efficacy profile in the GOLD stage II patients while, in patients with more severe disease, indacaterol 300 μg provided useful improvements in dyspnoea.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23219347
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"