Only first intravitreal bevacizumab injection achieves statistically significant visual improvement in naïve myopic choroidal neovascularization

Paolo Milani, Amedeo Massacesi, Stefano Ciaccia, Marco Setaccioli, Stefania Moschini, Fulvio Bergamini
Clinical Ophthalmology 2012, 6: 1885-94

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of intravitreal bevacizumab when administered on an as-needed basis for the treatment of myopic choroidal neovascularization (CNV), and to assess visual changes upon treatment.

METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective, interventional case series, for which the inclusion criteria were pathologic myopia, and documentation of untreated active macular CNV on fluorescein angiography and optical coherence tomography. Monthly changes in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), visual gain after each treatment, and correlation with refraction, age, location, and dimension of CNV were considered. The data were analyzed using the one-tailed, paired Wilcoxon test.

RESULTS: Nineteen naive eyes were found suitable for the study. The mean number of treatments was 3.32 ± 2.36 (confidence interval 2.25-4.37) during a mean follow-up period of 18.95 ± 8.3 months. At baseline, mean BCVA was 0.58 ± 0.37 logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution (logMAR) units. At 12 months, mean BCVA was 0.39 ± 0.35 logMAR and at 24 months was 0.39 ± 0.40. Mean improvement in BCVA from baseline was +0.17 ± 0.25 logMAR (P < 0.05) at month 12, +0.14 ± 0.25 logMAR (P = 0.1) at month 18, and +0.09 ± 0.32 logMAR (P = 0.5) at month 24. Improvement on pretreatment BCVA was significant (+0.16 logMAR, P < 0.01) after the first injection, but not after the second (-0.01 logMAR, P = 0.5) or third (+0.02 logMAR, P = 0.5) injections. There was a statistically significant correlation between age and number of treatments, and between improvement in BCVA of foveal versus extrafoveal location of CNV.

CONCLUSION: The use of intravitreal bevacizumab "as needed" is an effective treatment for myopic CNV, but visual gain is statistically significant only after the first injection and decreases in the second year.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"