OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

[A multi-centre randomized controlled trial of domiciliary non-invasive ventilation vs long-term oxygen therapy in survivors of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure due to COPD. Non-invasive ventilation in obstructive lung disease (NIVOLD) study]

B Lamia, A Cuvelier, J Benichou, J-F Muir
Revue des Maladies Respiratoires 2012, 29 (9): 1141-8
23200590

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) are very likely to develop acute exacerbations. Non-invasive ventilation is often used to treat acute respiratory failure but little information is available about the benefits of domiciliary non-invasive ventilation in COPD patients with chronic hypercapnic respiratory failure who survive an acute episode. The purpose of this study is to determine whether domiciliary non-invasive ventilation can reduce the incidence of recurrent acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in COPD patients who survived an episode of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (AHRF).

METHODS: A multi-center randomized controlled trial including patients with COPD who survived an episode of AHRF. Patients will be randomly assigned to receive long-term oxygen therapy (LTOT) (no intervention) or domiciliary non-invasive ventilation (active comparator) in addition to LTOT. In France, three university hospitals: Rouen, Caen and Amiens and three general hospitals: Dieppe, Le Havre and Elbeuf are recruiting.

INCLUSION CRITERIA: Age above 18 years; patients with COPD who have survived an episode of AHRF; patients weaned from non-invasive or mechanical ventilation for at least seven days following an acute episode; with stable arterial blood gases for at least two days: PaCO(2) greater than 55mmHg and pH greater than 7.35. Exclusion criteria are: age above 85 years, other causes of respiratory failure, obstructive sleep apnoea, adverse psychosocial status, serious co-morbidity. Primary outcome is the frequency of episodes of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure (time frame: up to 102 weeks), secondary outcome is mortality (time frame: 1 month and every 6 months for 2 years).

EXPECTED RESULTS: A decreased rate of episodes of acute hypercapnic respiratory failure in the group of patients receiving non-invasive ventilation in addition to long term oxygen therapy.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23200590
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"