Sex, ethnicity, and slow acetylator profile are the major causes of hepatotoxicity induced by antituberculosis drugs

Julián G Chamorro, Jorge P Castagnino, Rosa M Musella, Mabel Nogueras, Federico M Aranda, Ana Frías, Mabel Visca, Omar Aidar, Silvia Perés, Gabriela F de Larrañaga
Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 2013, 28 (2): 323-8

BACKGROUND AND AIM: Treatment with antituberculosis (TB) drugs produces liver damage in a large proportion of patients. Isoniazid, an antibacterial drug, is primarily responsible for this hepatotoxicity. Several polymorphisms of the N-acetyltransferase 2 (NAT-2) and cytochrome P450 2E1 enzymes, which are involved in the metabolism of isoniazid, may be directly associated with the development of hepatotoxicity. This study was designed to analyze the association between the NAT-2 and CYP2E1 polymorphisms with the development of anti-TB drug-induced hepatotoxicity (ATDH).

METHODS: One hundred and seventy-five TB patients who had been treated with anti-TB drugs were studied. The allelic and genotypic frequency distributions of the NAT-2 and CYP2E1 enzymes were studied using polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms methodology. A binary logistic regression analysis was used to compare the results between TB patients with and without the development of hepatotoxicity.

RESULTS: Having a slow acetylator status (odds ratio [OR] = 2.615; confidence interval [CI] = 1.264-5.411; P = 0.01), being female (OR = 2.734; CI = 1.325-5.639, P = 0.006), and having Bolivian ethnicity (OR = 2.711; CI = 1.307-6.625, P = 0.007) were found to be independent predictor variables for ATDH.

CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that a patient's NAT-2 acetylator status, gender, and ethnic origin may be regarded as important risk factors for developing hepatotoxicity. Contrary to expectations, the CYP2E1 c1/c2 polymorphism did not show a significant association with hepatotoxicity in this study. Given the increases in TB cases and ATDH incidence levels, as well as the associated hospitalization costs, it may also be helpful to know patients' acetylator status prior to or at the beginning of the TB treatment regimen.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"