JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Effects of brassinolide on the leaf mitochondria and chloroplast ultrastructure and photosynthesis of cucumber seedlings under hypoxia stress]

Xiao-Min Lu, Jin Sun, Shi-Rong Guo, Jun-Wei Wang
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology 2012, 23 (8): 2205-11
23189700
A hydroponic experiment was conducted to investigate the effects of 24-epibrassinolide (EBR) on the leaf mitochondria and chloroplast ultrastructure and photosynthesis of cucumber seedlings under hypoxia stress. Under the stress, the apparent quantum yield (AQY) and carboxylation efficiency (CE) decreased significantly, while the light compensation point (LCP), dark breathing rate (R(d)), and CO2 compensation point (CCP) had a significant increase. The application of EBR increased the CE significantly by 29.4%, and decreased the LCP and R(d) significantly by 15.0% and 14.4%, respectively. The light response curve (P(n)-PPFD) and CO2 response curve (P(n)-C(i)) indicated that under hypoxia stress, the increment of net photosynthetic rate (P(n)) decreased, while EBR addition enhanced the increment of the P(n). Hypoxia stress damaged the mitochondria and chloroplast ultrastructure, while EBR could alleviate the damages in chloroplast and mitochondria under hypoxia stress, and keep the leaves in a higher photosynthetic performance.

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