Biomechanical comparison of parallel versus 90-90 plating of bicolumn distal humerus fractures with intra-articular comminution

Christopher Got, John Shuck, Alison Biercevicz, Dave Paller, Mary Mulcahey, Matthew Zimmermann, Theodore Blaine, Andrew Green
Journal of Hand Surgery 2012, 37 (12): 2512-8

PURPOSE: To compare the biomechanical properties of 90-90 versus mediolateral parallel plating of C-3 bicolumn distal humerus fractures.

METHODS: We created intra-articular AO/Orthopaedic Trauma Association C-3 bicolumn fractures in 10 fresh-frozen matched pairs of cadaveric elbows. We determined bone mineral density of the metaphyseal region with dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry. The matched pairs of elbows were randomly assigned to either 90-90 or parallel plate fixation. We tested anteroposterior displacement at a rate of 0.5 mm/s to a maximum load of ± 100 N for both the articular and entire distal humerus segments. We tested torsional stability at a displacement rate of 0.1 Hz to a maximum torque of ± 2.5 Nm. After cyclical testing, we loaded the specimens in torsion to failure.

RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the bone density of the paired specimens. Compared with parallel fixation, 90-90 plate fixation had significantly greater torque to failure load. Both plating constructs were equally sensitive to bone density. Both techniques had the same mode of failure in torsion, a spiral fracture extending from the medial plate at the metaphyseal-diaphyseal junction. There was no significant difference in the stiffness of fixation of the articular fragment or the entire distal segment in anteroposterior loading.

CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrated that 90-90 and parallel plating had comparable biomechanical properties for fixation of comminuted intra-articular distal humerus fractures, and that 90-90 plating had greater resistance to torsional loading.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.