Laboratory properties of cold-adapted influenza B live vaccine strains developed in the US and USSR, and their B/Ann Arbor/1/86 cold-adapted reassortant vaccine candidates

G I Alexandrova, H F Maassab, A P Kendal, T E Medvedeva, A Y Egorov, A I Klimov, N J Cox
Vaccine 1990, 8 (1): 61-4
The adaptation of two influenza B strains (B/Leningrad/14/55 and B/Ann Arbor/1/66) to replication at 25 degrees C is described. Comparison of the two viruses indicates that both also exhibit temperature sensitive phenotypes, although that of the virus B/Leningrad/14/55 is less pronounced. When inoculated into ferrets both viruses replicate well in the trachea, but only the B/Leningrad/14/55 cold-adapted virus replicates in the lungs. This virus exhibited a moderate level of attenuation in the animals, in contrast to the B/Ann Arbor/1/66 cold-adapted virus, which was fully attenuated. Reassortant viruses deriving the surface antigens of the contemporary wild type virus B/Ann Arbor/1/86 and most or all of their other genes, from one or other cold-adapted parent, were virtually indistinguishable from their respective cold-adapted parents. The B/Leningrad/14/55 reassortant was slightly more attenuated than its cold-adapted parent in ferrets. These studies extend knowledge of the properties of viruses used to prepare experimental live influenza B human vaccines.

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