JOURNAL ARTICLE

Distinct severity of HLH in both human and murine mutants with complete loss of cytotoxic effector PRF1, RAB27A, and STX11

Fernando E Sepulveda, Franck Debeurme, Gaël Ménasché, Mathieu Kurowska, Marjorie Côte, Jana Pachlopnik Schmid, Alain Fischer, Geneviève de Saint Basile
Blood 2013 January 24, 121 (4): 595-603
23160464
Inherited defects of granule-dependent cytotoxicity led to the life-threatening immune disorder hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH), characterized by uncontrolled CD8 T-cell and macrophage activation. In a cohort of HLH patients with genetic abnormalities expected to result in the complete absence of perforin, Rab27a, or syntaxin-11, we found that disease severity as determined by age at HLH onset differed significantly, with a severity gradient from perforin (early onset) > Rab27a > syntaxin-11 (late onset). In parallel, we have generated a syntaxin-11-deficient (Stx11(-/-)) murine model that faithfully reproduced the manifestations of HLH after lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) infection. Stx11(-/-) murine lymphocytes exhibited a degranulation defect that could be rescued by expression of human syntaxin-11 but not expression of a C-terminal-truncated mutant. Comparison of the characteristics of LCMV infection-induced HLH in the murine counterparts of the 3 human conditions revealed a similar gradient in the phenotypic severity of HLH manifestations. Strikingly, the severity of HLH was not correlated with the LCMV load and not fully with differences in the intensity of cytotoxic activity. The capacity of antigen presentation differed in vivo between Rab27a- and Syntaxin-11-deficient mutants. Our data indicate that cytotoxic effectors may have other immune-regulatory roles in addition to their role in controlling viral replication.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23160464
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"