Tuberculosis skin test, but not interferon-γ-releasing assays is affected by BCG vaccination in HIV patients

T Wolf, U Goetsch, G Oremek, M Bickel, P Khaykin, A Haberl, O Bellinger, R Gottschalk, H R Brodt, C Stephan
Journal of Infection 2013, 66 (4): 376-80

OBJECTIVE: Of this study was to compare the results of tuberculin skin test (TST) with two interferon-γ releasing-assays (IGRA) in a cohort of HIV positive patients, to analyze impact of prior Bacille-Calmette-Guérin (BCG)-vaccination.

METHODS: Prospective cross sectional study, enrolling only asymptomatic adult HIV infected outpatients from a large German University hospital clinic. All participants were simultaneously tested for latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI) by QuantiFERON-TB Gold, T-SPOT.TB and TST. Only individuals with available definite results (positive/negative, indeterminates excluded) from all three test systems and recalling BCG-vaccination status by interview questionnaire were evaluated.

RESULTS: From 286 study participants, 133 were evaluable; BCG-vaccination history was positive for 18 individuals, and negative for 115. The proportion of individuals with a positive TST was significantly higher for vaccinated (n = 6, 33.3%) than for unvaccinated individuals (n = 13, 11.3%, p = 0.013). There were no significant differences in the proportion of patients with CDC stage C, origin from a TB endemic country or in the CD4 count between the two groups.

CONCLUSION: TST but not IGRAs interfered significantly with prior BCG vaccination in a cohort of HIV infected individuals from a low prevalence TB country. Therefore IGRA should preferentially be used for LTBI-testing in BCG-vaccinated adult HIV-patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"