Photosensitivity disorders in children: part I.
Photosensitivity disorders in children encompass a diverse group of diseases. Compared to adult patients, underlying systemic disorders, including genetic or metabolic defects, are common causes in pediatric photosensitivity disorders. Photosensitivity in a child should be suspected if the child develops a sunburn reaction in sun-exposed sites after limited sun exposure. Diagnosis of a photodermatosis is made based on careful history taking and a physical examination. Early recognition and prompt diagnosis are essential to minimize long-term complications associated with inadequate photoprotection. In part I of this continuing medical education article, immunologically mediated photodermatoses, photodermatoses caused by exogenous photosensitizers, and the cutaneous porphyrias will be covered.
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