Serum vitamin D increases with weight loss in obese subjects 6 months after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

Muriel Coupaye, Marie Christine Breuil, Pauline Rivière, Benjamin Castel, Catherine Bogard, Thierry Dupré, Simon Msika, Séverine Ledoux
Obesity Surgery 2013, 23 (4): 486-93

BACKGROUND: Malabsorptive surgical procedures lead to deficiencies in fat-soluble vitamins. However, results concerning serum vitamin D (25OHD) after gastric bypass (GBP) are controversial. The aim of the study was to assess the influence of GBP on 25OHD and calcium metabolism.

METHODS: Parameters of calcium metabolism were evaluated in 202 obese subjects before and 6 months after GBP. Thirty of them were matched for age, gender, weight, skin color, and season with 30 subjects who underwent sleeve gastrectomy (SG). A multivitamin preparation that provides 200 to 500 IU vitamin D3 per day was systematically prescribed after surgery.

RESULTS: In the 202 patients after GBP, serum 25OHD significantly increased from 13.4 ± 9.1 to 22.8 ± 11.3 ng/ml (p < 0.0001), whereas parathyroid hormone (PTH) did not change. Despite a decrease in calcium intake (p < 0.0001) and urinary calcium/creatinine ratio (p = 0.015), serum calcium increased after GBP (p < 0.0001). Preoperatively, 91 % of patients had 25OHD insufficiency (< 30 ng/ml), 80% deficiency (< 20 ng/ml), and 19% secondary hyperparathyroidism (> 65 pg/ml) vs. 76, 44, and 17%, respectively, following GBP. Serum 25OHD was negatively correlated with BMI at 6 months after GBP (R = -0.299, p < 0.0001). In the two groups of 30 subjects, serum 25OHD and PTH did not differ at 6 months after GBP or SG.

CONCLUSIONS: At 6 months after GBP, serum 25OHD significantly increased in subjects supplemented with multivitamins containing low doses of vitamin D. These data suggest that weight loss at 6 months after surgery has a greater influence on vitamin D status than malabsorption induced by GBP.

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