The influence of the sounds of crying baby and the sounds of violence on haemodynamic parameters and autonomic status in young, healthy adults

Michał Tkaczyszyn, Tomasz Olbrycht, Agata Makowska, Katarzyna Soboń, Bartłomiej Paleczny, Agnieszka Rydlewska, Ewa A Jankowska
International Journal of Psychophysiology 2013, 87 (1): 52-9

INTRODUCTION: There is evidence that various stimuli affect the balance in the autonomic nervous system (ANS) and the functioning of cardiovascular system.

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess whether the sounds of crying baby and the sounds of violence affected haemodynamic parameters and ANS in young, healthy adults and to measure differences in these reactions between the genders and these 2 stimuli.

METHODS: Haemodynamic parameters (measured non-invasively by the NEXFIN device), heart rate and blood pressure variability (HRV and BPV, respectively) and baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) were analyzed in 65 adults (21 women, mean age: 23years) during a 15-minute rest followed by the emission of two 5-minute acoustic stimuli: sounds of crying baby and sounds of violence emitted randomly and separated by a 4-minute pause.

RESULTS: Resting systolic blood pressure was lower, whereas indices of HRV (RMSSD, NN50, pNN50, high frequency component of HRV - HRV HF) and BPV (high frequency component - BPV HF) as well as BRS were higher in women as compared to men. During the emission of the sounds of crying baby, a decrease in diastolic blood pressure (DBP), systemic vascular resistance index, HRV HF and BPV LF (low frequency component of BPV) and an increase in stroke volume index were observed in the whole examined group, whereas during the emission of the sounds of violence subjects presented a decrease in DBP, mean blood pressure, HRV HF and BPV LF. The reaction to the sounds of crying baby (expressed as a decrease in HRV HF) was greater in women as compared to men (-0.28±0.49 versus -0.04±0.38ms(2), p=0.04). The comparison of the reaction between 2 stimuli revealed no differences.

CONCLUSIONS: The stronger decrease in parasympathetic drive in women exposed to the sounds of crying baby may be related to a particular role of this stimulus, which signals the baby's distress and compels the caregivers to react.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"