Implant and limb alignment outcomes for conventional and navigated unicompartmental knee arthroplasty

Gustavo A Valenzuela, Nathan A Jacobson, Derik J Geist, Richard G Valenzuela, Robert A Teitge
Journal of Arthroplasty 2013, 28 (3): 463-8
Accurate implant positioning and restoration of lower limb alignment are major requirements for successful long-term results in unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA). Alignment accuracy was compared between navigated-UKA (nUKA) and conventional-UKA (cUKA) groups using a retrospective matched case-control study (n=129, 58 nUKA, 71 cUKA). Mechanical axis (MA), hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA°), coronal implant alignment, and tibial implant posterior slope were measured. No statistically significant difference was observed when comparing MA, HKA° or coronal implant alignment (p>0.05). Statistical significance was seen with tibial component posterior slope (p=0.04, nUKA 4.2°, cUKA 2.9°); and between intra-operative navigationally determined HKA° and post-operative whole-leg standing (WLS) film HKA°. Navigation does not significantly improve UKA alignment compared to conventional methods. Further studies are needed to justify the use of this technology in UKA.

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