Hybrid proximal surgery plus adjunctive retrograde endovascular repair in acute DeBakey type I dissection: superior outcomes to conventional surgical repair

Sophie C Hofferberth, Andrew E Newcomb, Michael Y Yii, Kelvin K Yap, Raymond C Boston, Ian K Nixon, Peter J Mossop
Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery 2013, 145 (2): 349-54; discussion 354-5

OBJECTIVE: The present study compared the outcomes between conventional surgery and the hybrid approach of proximal surgery with adjunctive retrograde descending aortic endografting plus distal bare metal stenting in acute DeBakey type I dissection.

METHODS: From 2003 to 2011, 61 patients underwent surgical management for acute type A aortic dissection at our institution. Of these, 37 were DeBakey type I dissections: 18 patients (group 1) received conventional surgical repair alone, and 19 (group 2) underwent conventional hybrid surgery with adjunctive retrograde descending aortic stent grafting plus distal bare metal stenting.

RESULTS: The patients' baseline characteristics were comparable, including the incidence of preoperative malperfusion syndromes (P = .23). The intraoperative and postoperative characteristics were similar, except 4 (22%) patients in group 1 (vs 0 in group 2) had ongoing malperfusion postoperatively (P = .04). Overall, hospital mortality was 11% (n = 2) for group 1 versus 5% (n = 1) for group 2. At a mean follow-up of 50 months, 4 (25%) subjects in group 1 required secondary thoracoabdominal aortic reintervention versus none in group 2 (P = .03).

CONCLUSIONS: The use of adjunctive retrograde descending aortic endografting plus distal bare metal stenting during acute DeBakey type 1 dissection repair is a feasible method to enhance thoracoabdominal remodeling. This hybrid strategy improves perioperative outcomes and decreases late distal aortic complications compared with conventional surgical repair for acute DeBakey type I dissection. A prospective, multicenter study is warranted to definitively assess this promising new treatment paradigm.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"