Component rotational alignment in unexplained painful primary total knee arthroplasty

Stuart W Bell, Peter Young, Colin Drury, Jules Smith, Iain Anthony, Bryn Jones, Mark Blyth, Angus McLean
Knee 2014, 21 (1): 272-7

BACKGROUND: Rotational malalignment of the components in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) can be a factor in poor outcomes but has yet to be defined. This study compares the rotational alignment of components in a cohort of 56 patients with unexplained pain following total knee arthroplasty with a matched control cohort of 56 patients with cemented Nex Gen Legacy posterior stabilised (LPS) flex fixed bearing TKA between March 2006 and May 2010. The aim of the study was to define an acceptable limit of rotation in total knee replacement.

METHODS: Rotational alignment was calculated using the Berger protocol with post operative computerised tomography scanning. The alignment parameters measured were tibial and femoral component rotations and the combined component rotations and the component rotational mismatch.

RESULTS: The two cohorts were demographically matched. Excessive internal rotation of the components was defined using the tenth percentile of rotations in the control cohort. Values of excessive internal rotation were 5.8° of the tibial component, 3.9° of the femoral component, 8.7° of combined rotation and 5.6° of the component mismatch. No significant difference was identified in excessive external rotation in any of the parameters. A significant difference in the mean rotations between the two cohorts was identified with internal rotation of the components in the painful cohort and external rotation on the control cohort.

CONCLUSIONS: We identified internal rotation malalignment of the tibial (p=0.0003) and femoral (p=0.014) components individually as well as the combined component rotation (p=0.0003) and component rotation mismatch (p=0.0001) to be a factor in pain following TKA. External rotation of any of the component parameters was not identified to be a factor in painful TKA. This study adds to the understanding of rotational alignment in TKA and suggests limits of internal rotation alignment associated with painful Nex Gen Legacy posterior stabilised (LPS) flex fixed bearing TKA.


Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"