Alteration in lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 levels during acute coronary syndrome and its relationship to standard biomarkers

Petr Ostadal, Dagmar Vondrakova, Andreas Kruger, Marek Janotka, Hana Psotova, Miroslav Prucha
Lipids in Health and Disease 2012, 11: 153

BACKGROUND: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) probably plays an important role in the development of acute coronary syndrome (ACS); elevated levels of Lp-PLA2 are associated with a poorer prognosis in patients with ischemic heart disease. Alterations of Lp-PLA2 levels during ACS and its relationship to standard biomarkers are, however, unclear.

FINDINGS: Fifty-one consecutive ACS patients were enrolled in the study. All were managed with early invasive strategy and according to the current guidelines for pharmacotherapy; intensive statin therapy was started in all patients at admission. Serum levels of Lp-PLA2, LDL-cholesterol (LDL), troponin l (Tnl), and C-reactive protein (CRP) were assessed at admission (D0), on the first morning (D1), and on the second morning of hospitalization (D2). Mean serum levels of Lp-PLA2 (ng/mL) decreased from 264.6±19.1 at D0, to 193.2±14.4 at D1 (P < 0.001 vs. D0) and 189.8±22.6 at D2 (P = 0.002 vs. D0; P = not significant vs. D1). Alterations in Lp-PLA2 levels significantly correlated with changes in LDL (r = 0.43; P = 0.008). On the other hand, no relationship between Lp-PLA2 and Tnl or CRP was found.

CONCLUSIONS: Initially, serum levels of Lp-PLA2 were significantly elevated in ACS patients, but decreased within the first 24 hours after admission and subsequently remained stable. Lp-PLA2 levels correlated with LDL levels but not with Tnl or CRP levels. Our results demonstrated dynamic alterations in Lp-PLA2 levels during the early stages of ACS and, therefore, indirectly support the hypothesis of an active role for Lp-PLA2 in the pathogenesis of ACS.

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