A novel colorimetric and fluorescent "off-on" chemosensor for Cu2+ based on a rhodamine derivative bearing naphthyridine group

Puhui Xie, Yue Xiao, Denghui Yao, Qiu Jin, Fengqi Guo
Journal of Fluorescence 2013, 23 (2): 265-71
A new rhodamine-based derivative bearing a naphthyridine group (compound 1) was synthesized as a colorimetric and fluorescent "off-on" chemosensor for Cu(2+) in aqueous solutions. The sensing behaviors of 1 toward various metal ions in neutral aqueous solutions were investigated by absorption and fluorescence spectroscopies. Compound 1 is found to exhibit a significant increase in absorbance at 561 nm and an amplified fluorescence at 590 nm toward Cu(2+) in a selective, sensitive and rapid manner. The quantification of Cu(2+) by 1 using an absorption spectroscopy method was satisfactory in the linear working range 0.9-10 μM, with a detection limit of 5.4 × 10(-8) M for Cu(2+) and good tolerance of other metal ions. Upon addition of Cu(2+), the spirolactam ring (colorless and nonfluorescent) of 1 was opened to ring-opened amide (red color and fluorescent) and a 1:1 stoichiochemetry for the 1-Cu(2+) complex was formed with an association constant of 1.57 × 10(4) M(-1).

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