Cardioprotective effect of grape-seed proanthocyanidins on doxorubicin-induced cardiac toxicity in rats

El-Sayed M Ammar, Shehta A Said, Sally L El-Damarawy, Ghada M Suddek
Pharmaceutical Biology 2013, 51 (3): 339-44

CONTEXT: Doxorubicin (Dox) is an anthracycline antibiotic used as anticancer agent. However, its use is limited due to its cardiotoxicity which is mainly attributed to accumulation of reactive oxygen species.

OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to assess whether the antioxidant, proanthocyanidins (Pro) can ameliorate Dox-induced cardiotoxicity in rats.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Male Sprague-Dawely rats were divided into four groups. Group I was control. Group II received Pro (70 mg/kg, orally) once daily for 10 days. Group III received doxorubicin 15 mg/kg i.p. as a single dose on the 7th day and Group IV animals were treated with Pro once daily for 10 days and Dox on the 7th day. The parameters of study were serum biomarkers, cardiac tissue antioxidant status, ECG, and effect on aconitine-induced cardiotoxicity.

RESULTS: Cardiac toxicity of doxorubicin was manifested as a significant increase in heart rate, elevation of the ST segment, prolongation of the QT interval and an increase in T wave amplitude. In addition, Dox enhanced aconitine-induced cardiotoxicity by a significant decrease in the aconitine dose producing ventricular tachycardia (VT). Administration of Pro significantly suppressed Dox-induced ECG changes and normalized the aconitine dose producing VT. The toxicity of Dox was also confirmed biochemically by significant elevation of serum CK-MB and LDH activities as well as myocardial MDA and GSH contents and decrease in serum catalase and myocardial SOD activities. Administration of Pro significantly suppressed these biochemical changes.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: These results suggest that proanthocyanidins might be a potential cardioprotective agent against Dox-induced cardiotoxicity due to its antioxidant properties.

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