Computed tomography-based sizing recommendations for transcatheter aortic valve replacement with balloon-expandable valves: Comparison with transesophageal echocardiography and rationale for implementation in a prospective trial

Alexander B Willson, John G Webb, Melanie Freeman, David A Wood, Ronen Gurvitch, Christopher R Thompson, Robert R Moss, Stefan Toggweiler, Ronnie K Binder, Bradley Munt, Anson Cheung, Cameron Hague, Jian Ye, Jonathon A Leipsic
Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography 2012, 6 (6): 406-14

BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) annular measurements are predictive of paravalvular regurgitation after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) which is a predictor of mortality and morbidity.

OBJECTIVES: To demonstrate the rationale and potential implications of new CT sizing recommendations for TAVR.

METHODS: The CT sizing recommendations aim to ensure routine transcatheter heart valve (THV) oversizing of the aortic annular area [(THV external area/systolic annular area - 1) × 100; range, 1%-20%; target, 10%-15%]. Consecutive patients (n = 120) underwent CT before TAVR with balloon-expandable valves sized by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). Retrospectively, the CT-recommended THV size was compared with the actual size implanted.

RESULTS: Compared with TEE, application of the newly developed CT-based sizing recommendations would have led to implantation of a larger valve in 33.3% (40/120), no change in valve size in 55.8% (67/120), and a smaller valve in 10.8% (13/120). In patients when CT recommended a larger valve, the incidence of at least moderate paravalvular regurgitation was 25% (10/40) compared with 4.5% (3/67; P < 0.01) when both TEE and CT recommendations were in agreement. Using diastolic versus systolic CT measurements results in 20% of patients receiving smaller THVs. TEE sizing resulted in 33.3% (40/120) of valves being undersized (THV area < CT systolic annular area) with a mean annular oversizing of 9.4% ± 17.4% (range: -21.5% to 65.9%) without annular rupture. In contrast, the CT sizing recommendations results in mean annular oversizing of 13.9% ± 8.0% (range, 1.3%-29.8%).

CONCLUSION: These CT sizing recommendations enable standardized moderate overexpansion of the aortic annulus. Clinical outcomes from these recommendations are being prospectively assessed in a multicenter trial.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"