Plasmacytoid dendritic cells have a cytokine-producing capacity to enhance ICOS ligand-mediated IL-10 production during T-cell priming

Makoto Ogata, Tomoki Ito, Keiko Shimamoto, Takahisa Nakanishi, Naoko Satsutani, Rie Miyamoto, Shosaku Nomura
International Immunology 2013, 25 (3): 171-82
Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (pDCs) have the potential to prime CD4(+) T-cells to differentiate into IL-10-producing T regulatory cells through preferential expression of inducible co-stimulatory ligand (ICOS-L). Although pDCs produce cytokines such as type-I IFNs, TNF-α, or IL-6 accompanying up-regulation of ICOS-L expression during activation in response to toll-like receptor (TLR)-ligands or IL-3, the roles of the pDC-derived cytokines in T-cell priming remain largely elusive. Therefore, we investigated the functional involvement of these cytokines in generating IL-10-producing T regulatory cells. We found that either IFN-α or IL-6 enhanced the pDC- or ICOS-L-driven generation of IL-10-producing T-cells from naive CD4(+) T-cells and their regulatory functions. However, IFN-α stimulation in the absence of ICOS-L showed only a marginal tendency to increase the T-cell production of IL-10 and thus pDC-derived type-I IFNs in response to CpG could function together with ICOS-L. In addition, IL-6 functioned to generate IL-10-producing T-cells only on T-cell priming by pDCs activated by IL-3 or under IL-4-mediated T(h)2 conditions. Thus, type-I IFNs and IL-6 act as supplementary factors for the ICOS-L-dependent IL-10-producing T-cell differentiation in pDCs activated along the TLR-dependent and IL-3-dependent pathways, respectively. We also showed that pDC-derived TNF-α induced ICOS-L expression on pDCs in an autocrine manner and that IL-6 promoted ICOS expression on T-cells, contributing to the ICOS/ICOS-L-mediated T-cell response. Our results suggest that the ICOS-L-mediated tolerogenic pDC function in adaptive immunity is backed up by the elaborate cytokine-producing ability of pDCs.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"