JOURNAL ARTICLE

Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 activity predicts cardiovascular events in high risk coronary artery disease patients

Giuseppe Maiolino, Luigi Pedon, Maurizio Cesari, Anna Chiara Frigo, Robert L Wolfert, Marlena Barisa, Leopoldo Pagliani, Giacomo Rossitto, Teresa Maria Seccia, Mario Zanchetta, Gian Paolo Rossi
PloS One 2012, 7 (10): e48171
23118945

OBJECTIVE: Lipoprotein-associated phospholipase A2 (Lp-PLA2) is deemed to play a role in atherosclerosis and plaque destabilization as demonstrated in animal models and in prospective clinical studies. However, most of the literature is either focused on high-risk, apparently healthy patients, or is based on cross sectional studies. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that serum Lp-PLA2 mass and activity are useful for predicting cardiovascular (CV) events over the coronary atherosclerotic burden and conventional risk factors in high-risk coronary artery disease patients.

METHODS AND RESULTS: In a prospective cohort study of 712 Caucasian patients, who underwent coronary angiography and measurement of both Lp-PLA2 mass and activity at baseline, we determined incident CV events at follow-up after splitting the patients into a high and a low Lp-PLA2 mass and activity groups based on ROC analysis and Youden index. Kaplan-Meier and propensity score matching analysis were used to compare CV event-free survival between groups. Follow-up data were obtained in 75% of the cohort after a median of 7.2 years (range 1-12.7 years) during which 129 (25.5%) CV events were observed. The high Lp-PLA2 activity patients showed worse CV event-free survival (66.7% vs. 79.5%, p = 0.023) and acute coronary syndrome-free survival (75.4% vs. 85.6%, p = 0.04) than those in low Lp-PLA2 group.

CONCLUSIONS: A high Lp-PLA2 activity implies a worse CV prognosis at long term follow up in high-risk Caucasian patients referred for coronary angiography.

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