Kalopanaxsaponin B inhibits LPS-induced inflammation by inhibiting IRAK1 Kinase

Eun-Ha Joh, Jin-Ju Jeong, Dong-Hyun Kim
Cellular Immunology 2012, 279 (1): 103-8
The stem bark of Kalopanax pictus Nakai (KP, family Araliaceae), of which main constituent is kalopanaxsaponin B, has been used for inflammation in Chinese traditional medicine. We isolated kalopanaxsaponin B from KP and investigated its anti-inflammatory effect in lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-stimulated peritoneal macrophages and on LPS-stimulated systemic inflammation in male ICR mice. Kalopanaxsaponin B inhibited the expression of TNF-α, IL-1β, iNOS and COX-2 in LPS-stimulated peritoneal macrophages. Kalopanaxsaponin B also inhibited the activation of IRAK1, IKK-β, NF-κB and MAP kinases (ERK, JNK, p-38). Treatment with LPS in the presence of kalopanaxsaponin B inhibited LPS-induced IRAK1 degradation and phosphorylation. Kalopanaxsaponin B inhibited IRAK1 kinase binding activity. However, kalopanaxsaponin B did not inhibit the NF-κB activation in active IKK-β-transfected macrophages. Kalopanaxsaponin B did not inhibit the binding of LPS on toll-like receptor-4 of the macrophages. Kalopanaxsaponin B inhibited LPS-induced systemic inflammation in mice. Based on these findings, kalopanaxsaponin B ameliorates LPS-induced systemic inflammation by inhibiting IRAK1 kinase.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"