The human glucagon-like peptide-1 analogue liraglutide regulates pancreatic beta-cell proliferation and apoptosis via an AMPK/mTOR/P70S6K signaling pathway

Xin-Yu Miao, Zhao-Yan Gu, Ping Liu, Yuan Hu, Lin Li, Yan-Ping Gong, Hua Shu, Yu Liu, Chun-Lin Li
Peptides 2013, 39: 71-9
Glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), an effective therapeutic agent for the treatment of diabetes, has been proven to protect pancreatic beta cells through many pathways. Recent evidence demonstrates that AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), as a metabolic regulator, coordinates beta-cell protein synthesis through regulation of the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway. The purpose of the present study was to explore whether liraglutide, a human GLP-1 analogue, protects beta cells via AMPK/mTOR signaling. We evaluated INS-1 beta-cell line proliferation using the Cell Counting Kit-8, and examined the effect of GLP-1 on cellular ATP levels using an ATP assay kit. mTOR pathway protein expression levels were tested by Western blotting and glucolipotoxicity-induced cell apoptosis was evaluated by flow cytometry. Liraglutide increased beta-cell viability at an optimum concentration of 100 nmol/L in the presence of 11.1 or 30 mmol/L glucose. Liraglutide (100 nmol/L) activated mTOR and its downstream effectors, 70-kDa ribosomal protein S6 kinase and eIF4E-binding protein-1, in INS-1 cells. This effect was abated by pathway blockers: the AMPK activator AICAR and the mTOR inhibitor rapamycin. Furthermore, the effect of liraglutide on beta-cell proliferation was inhibited by AICAR and rapamycin. Liraglutide increased cellular ATP levels. In addition, liraglutide protected beta cells from glucolipotoxicity-induced apoptosis. This response was also prevented by rapamycin treatment. These results suggest that the enhancement of beta-cell proliferation by that GLP-1 receptor agonist liraglutide is mediated, at least in part, by AMPK/mTOR signaling. Liraglutide also prevents beta-cell glucolipotoxicity by activating mTOR.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"