COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison of the diagnostic and prognostic values of 99mTc-MDP-planar bone scintigraphy, 131I-SPECT/CT and 18F-FDG-PET/CT for the detection of bone metastases from differentiated thyroid cancer

Zhong-Ling Qiu, Yan-Li Xue, Hong-Jun Song, Quan-Yong Luo
Nuclear Medicine Communications 2012, 33 (12): 1232-42
23111353

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the diagnostic and prognostic values of (99m)Tc-MDP-planar bone scintigraphy ((99m)Tc-MDP-BS), (131)I single-photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography ((131)I-SPECT/CT) and (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose ((18)F-FDG)-PET/CT for the detection of bone metastases from differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC).

METHODS: Eighty patients with DTC with suspected bone metastases from DTC were retrospectively analysed. All patients were examined with (99m)(99m)Tc-MDP-BS, (131)I-SPECT/CT and (18)F-FDG-PET/CT, with a maximum interval of 2 months between scans. The diagnostic performances of (99m)Tc-MDP-BS, (131)I-SPECT/CT and (99m)F-FDG-PET/CT were investigated and compared. Univariate and multivariate analyses were carried out to evaluate the effects of variables on the survival of patients.

RESULTS: Out of the 80 patients with 148 foci, 43 with 106 foci were diagnosed as being true positive for bone metastases from DTC. In patient-based analysis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy of (99m)Tc-MDP-BS were 79.07, 83.78, 85.00, 77.50 and 81.25%, respectively; those of (131)I-SPECT/CT were 93.02, 97.30, 97.56, 92.31 and 95.00%, and those of (18)F-FDG-PET/CT were 86.05, 94.59, 94.87, 85.36 and 87.80%, respectively. In lesion-based analysis, the sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value, negative predictive value and diagnostic accuracy of (99m)Tc-MDP-BS were 72.64, 73.81, 87.50, 51.67 and 72.97%, respectively; those of (131)I-SPECT/CT were 92.45, 97.62, 98.99, 83.67 and 93.92%, and those of (18)F-FDG-PET/CT were 85.85, 88.10, 94.50, 71.15 and 86.49%, respectively. Comparing the receiver-operating characteristic area using the McNemar test, both (131)I-SPECT/CT and (18)F-FDG-PET/CT were found to be superior to (99m)Tc-MDP-BS for the detection of bone metastases from DTC in patient-based and lesion-based analyses (P<0.05). Patient-based analysis showed that there were no significant differences between (131)I-SPECT/CT and (18)F-FDG-PET/CT (P=0.087) but lesion-based analysis revealed that (131)I-SPECT/CT was superior to (18)F-FDG-PET/CT (P=0.002). For the association between these image patterns and the prognosis of DTC patients, (18)F-FDG positivity was the factor predicting a poor prognosis.

CONCLUSION: (131)I-SPECT/CT and (18)F-FDG-PET/CT demonstrated high diagnostic performance in detecting bone metastases from DTC. (99m)Tc-MDP-BS might be completely replaced by (131)I-SPECT/CT in combination with ((131)F-FDG-PET/CT in the management of DTC patients with bone metastases. (18)F-FDG-PET/CT positivity was an independent factor associated with poor prognosis.

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