JOURNAL ARTICLE

Association of HLA-DQB1∗05:02 and DRB1∗16 Alleles with Late-Onset, Nonthymomatous, AChR-Ab-Positive Myasthenia Gravis

Manuela Testi, Chiara Terracciano, Annalisa Guagnano, Giuseppe Testa, Girolama A Marfia, Eugenio Pompeo, Marco Andreani, Roberto Massa
Autoimmune Diseases 2012, 2012: 541760
23091703
An association of several HLA alleles with myasthenia gravis (MG) has been reported. Aim of this work was to analyze the HLA allele profile in a survey of 76 unselected Italian MG patients and in a subgroup characterized by disease onset after the age of 50 years, absence of thymoma, and presence of antiacetylcholine receptor antibodies. We defined this subgroup by the acronym LOAb. Typing was performed at low resolution for HLA-A, -B, and -DRB1 loci with sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe (PCR-SSO); at high resolution for HLA-DQB1 locus by PCR with sequence-specific primers (PCR-SSPS). HLA allele frequencies were compared with 100 healthy controls. No correlation was observed between MG and the studied HLA class I alleles. On the contrary, a strong positive association was found for the HLA class II alleles DQB1∗05:02 (P(c) = 0.00768) and DRB1∗16 (P(c) = 0.0211) in the LOAb subgroup (n = 27) of MG patients. Association between DQB1∗05:02 and some subtypes of MG has been previously reported but not in patients with the LOAb characteristics. Therefore, the HLA allele DQB1∗05:02 might be considered as a susceptibility marker for LOAb among Italians.

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