Phenotypic and functional attributes of lentivirus-modified CD19-specific human CD8+ central memory T cells manufactured at clinical scale

Xiuli Wang, Araceli Naranjo, Christine E Brown, Cherrilyn Bautista, Chinglam W Wong, Wen-Chung Chang, Brenda Aguilar, Julie R Ostberg, Stanley R Riddell, Stephen J Forman, Michael C Jensen
Journal of Immunotherapy 2012, 35 (9): 689-701
A key determinant of the therapeutic potency of adoptive T-cell transfer is the extent to which infused cells can persist and expand in vivo. Ex vivo propagated virus-specific and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-redirected antitumor CD8 effector T cells derived from CD45RA(-) CD62L(+) central memory (TCM) precursors engraft long-term and reconstitute functional memory after adoptive transfer. Here, we describe a clinical scale, closed system, immunomagnetic selection method to isolate CD8(+) T(CM) from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC). This method uses the CliniMACS device to first deplete CD14(+), CD45RA(+), and CD4(+) cells from PBMC, and then to positively select CD62L(+) cells. The average purity and yield of CD8(+) CD45RA(-) CD62L TCM obtained in full-scale qualification runs were 70% and 0.4% (of input PBMC), respectively. These CD8(+) T(CM) are responsive to anti-CD3/CD28 bead stimulation, and can be efficiently transduced with CAR encoding lentiviral vectors, and undergo sustained expansion in interleukin (IL)-2/IL-15 over 3-6 weeks. The resulting CD8(+) T(CM)-derived effectors are polyclonal, retain expression of CD62L and CD28, exhibit CAR-redirected antitumor effector function, and are capable of huIL-15-dependent in vivo homeostatic engraftment after transfer to immunodeficient NOD/Scid IL-2RgCnull mice. Adoptive therapy using purified T(CM) cells is now the subject of a Food and Drug Administration-authorized clinical trial for the treatment of CD19(+) B-cell malignancies, and 3 clinical cell products expressing a CD19-specific CAR for IND #14645 have already been successfully generated from lymphoma patients using this manufacturing platform.

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