JOURNAL ARTICLE

Arthroscopic cauterization of retrodiscal tissue as a successful minimal invasive therapy in habitual temporomandibular joint luxation

A Ybema, L G M De Bont, F K L Spijkervet
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2013, 42 (3): 376-9
23088907
Habitual temporomandibular joint (TMJ) luxation is a serious condition for the patient, and is often managed by extensive open joint surgery. Arthroscopic eminoplasty is an alternative, but this technique could also cause concomitant damage to the articular surface. The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects and side effects of arthroscopic electrocautery of retrodiscal tissues in habitual TMJ luxation. All patients with habitual TMJ luxations who needed surgical management from 1 January 2000 to 31 December 2009 in the authors' institution in The Netherlands, were included in this study. All patients were primarily treated with arthroscopic electrocautery. Pre- and postoperative evaluation parameters were: TMJ luxations, maximum mouth opening, translatory capacity, pain and joint noises. Sixteen patients with habitual luxation were treated with arthroscopic electrocautery. Patient reluxation occurred in one. None of the patients had joint pain or mobility restrictions. The overall success rate was 95%. After 86 months there was a high success rate for this therapy. No other morbidity was seen, in contrast with open joint surgery or using sclerosing agents. The authors conclude that arthroscopic eletrocautery of retrodiscal tissues is a highly successful minimal invasive therapy in habitual TMJ luxation without side effects.

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