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The "Aging Males' Symptoms" Scale (AMS): predictive value for lowered circulating androgens

Friedemann Zengerling, Andres Jan Schrader, Marcus Victor Cronauer, Henning Stemann, Mark Schrader, Ludwig Rinnab
Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male 2012, 15 (4): 253-7
23078021

BACKGROUND: Symptoms of the "male climacteric" are often at least in part referred to an age-dependent decline of serum androgen levels. Therefore, we evaluated the relationship of climacteric symptoms as assessed by the "Aging Males' Symptoms" (AMS) Questionnaire with circulating androgen levels.

METHODS: 146 ambulatory men (age, 27-85 years) were surveyed with the AMS Questionnaire and sampled for serum values of total testosterone (tT) and sexual hormone binding globulin (SHBG). Free testosterone (fT) was calculated from tT and SHBG. A total AMS score ≥37 was considered pathological; the lower limits for tT and fT were set to 8 nmol/l and 180 pmol/l, respectively.

RESULTS: A significant deficit in tT and fT was shown in 25 (17.1%) and 34 (24.5%) men, respectively; the AMS Questionnaire showed pathological results for 66 (45.2%) men. In predicting a tT deficit, the AMS Questionnaire rendered a sensitivity of 76% and a specificity of 61.6%, only. However, multiple regression analysis revealed a significant correlation of lowered tT with a pathological somatovegetative and psychological AMS subscore (p = 0.042 and p = 0.01) and a correlation of lowered fT with a pathological sexual subscore (p = 0.039).

CONCLUSION: In predicting hypogonadism the AMS Questionnaire in total did not render a sufficient diagnostic efficiency.

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