COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Comparison of F18-FDG PET/CT findings with current clinical disease status in patients with Takayasu's arteritis

I Karapolat, M Kalfa, G Keser, M Yalçin, V Inal, K Kumanlioğlu, T Pirildar, K Aksu
Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology 2013, 31 (1 Suppl 75): S15-21
23075530

OBJECTIVES: 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computed tomography (F-18 FDG PET/CT) scanning has been proposed as a new tool to assess disease activity in Takayasu Arteritis (TA). We investigated whether F-18 FDG PET/CT findings were consistent with current clinical disease status in patients with TA.

METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 22 patients with TA were enrolled. Clinical disease activity was assessed by the combination of National Institutes of Health (NIH) criteria, Disease Extent Index-Takayasu (DEI-Tak) score, physician global assessment and F-18 FDG PET/CT scans.

RESULTS: At the time F-18 FDG PET/CT scans were taken, the majority of the patients (17/22) were using immunosuppressive (IS) drugs, and only four patients had clinically active disease. F-18 FDG PET/CT scans confirmed the presence of active vasculitic lesions in those four patients. In 16 out of 18 patients who were accepted to be in clinical remission, F-18 FDG PET/CT scans were also normal. There were only two patients with discordant results, i.e. active F-18 FDG PET/CT findings despite the lack of clinical activity. Interestingly, clinical exacerbation occurred four weeks later in one of them. Overall sensitivity and specificity of F-18 FDG PET/CT findings for clinical activity were 100% and 88.9%, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: We found that F-18 FDG PET/CT findings were generally consistent with clinical disease status in TA. Although use of IS drugs certainly impairs diagnostic accuracy of F-18 FDG PET/CT in TA, this imaging method may still have a potential for confirming remission or detecting disease activity in patients with TA receiving treatment.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
23075530
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.