Vitamin D deficiency, insulin resistance, serum adipokine, and leptin levels in peritoneal dialysis patients

Ozkan Ulutas, Hulya Taskapan, Mehmet Cagatay Taskapan, Ismail Temel
International Urology and Nephrology 2013, 45 (3): 879-84

OBJECTIVE: Associations between 25 hydroxy vitamin D [25(OH)D], adipokines levels, and insulin resistance have been reported. The aim of this study was to explore the effects of cholecalciferol supplementation on vitamin D levels, insulin resistance, leptin, and adiponectin levels in vitamin D-deficient peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients.

METHODS: In nineteen vitamin D-deficient PD patients, who were treated with cholecalciferol, fasting serum glucose, insulin, adiponectin, leptin, 25(OH)D and parathyroid hormone (PTH) were measured before and after cholecalciferol replacement therapy. Eighteen (94.7 %) PD patients with vitamin D deficiency were receiving active vitamin D compounds (alphacalciferol) for PTH control. Alphacalciferol dosing was kept constant during treatment with cholecalciferol.

RESULTS: While mean 25(OH)D significantly increased from (10.2 ± 4.9 ng/ml) to (82.9 ± 56.5 ng/ml) (p < 0.05), mean homeostatic model assessment-insulin resistance index significantly decreased from (4.6 ± 3.6) to (2.8 ± 2.0) after cholecalciferol replacement therapy (p < 0.05). Serum leptin levels (12.9 ± 17.6 ng/ml) significantly increased (18.1 ± 19.5 ng/ml) (p < 0.05), while there was no change in serum adiponectin, calcium, and phosphate after vitamin D replacement. Serum PTH levels significantly decreased from 551.9 ± 276.6 pg/ml to 434.0 ± 273.4 ng/ml.

CONCLUSIONS: Cholecalciferol replacement therapy significantly decreases PTH levels and insulin resistance. The results of this study need to be confirmed in larger clinical trials.

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