Usefulness of fetuin-A and C-reactive protein concentrations for prediction of outcome in acute coronary syndromes (from the French Registry of Acute ST-Elevation Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction [FAST-MI])

Pascal Lim, Stephane Moutereau, Tabassome Simon, Romain Gallet, Vincent Probst, Jean Ferrieres, Pascal Gueret, Nicolas Danchin
American Journal of Cardiology 2013 January 1, 111 (1): 31-7
Fetuin-A is a ubiquitous anti-inflammatory glycoprotein that counteracts proinflammatory cytokine production. Previous studies have shown that low fetuin-A concentration is associated with cardiovascular death and may play an important role in the prognosis of patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). The purpose of this study was to assess in large cohort of patients admitted for ACS the prognostic value of fetuin-A adjusted for C-reactive protein value (CRP) and Global Registry of Acute Coronary Events (GRACE) risk score. Plasma fetuin-A and CRP concentrations were measured on day 3 in 754 consecutive patients with ACS (mean age 66 ± 14 years, 404 with ST-segment elevation and 350 without ST-segment elevation) included in the French Registry of Acute ST-Elevation or Non-ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (FAST-MI), and these data were correlated to 1-year mortality. Plasma fetuin-A and CRP concentrations at admission averaged 95 ± 27 and 12 ± 16 mg/L, respectively. Overall, 1-year cardiovascular mortality was 10% (28 in-hospital deaths and 51 deaths after discharge), 17% in patients with low fetuin-A (less than the first tertile), 18% with high CRP (higher than the third tertile), and 23% in patients with low fetuin associated with high CRP (p <0.01). In contrast, patients with neither low fetuin-A nor high CRP had a low mortality rate (5%). Multivariate analysis adjusted for GRACE risk score showed that low fetuin-A and high CRP concentration remained associated with outcomes (odds ratio 2.28, 95% confidence interval 1.20 to 4.33). In conclusion, fetuin-A combined with CRP level is associated with cardiovascular death in patients with ACS.

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