JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effects of rifampin and mefenamic acid on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of dapagliflozin

S Kasichayanula, X Liu, S C Griffen, F P Lacreta, D W Boulton
Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism 2013, 15 (3): 280-3
23061428

AIMS: Dapagliflozin is a selective sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLT2) inhibitor that decreases serum glucose by reducing renal glucose reabsorption, thereby promoting urinary glucose excretion. Dapagliflozin is primarily metabolized via the uridine diphosphate-glucuronosyltransferase (UGT)1A9 pathway to its major inactive metabolite, dapagliflozin 3-O-glucuronide. The aim of this study was to evaluate the potential for drug-drug interaction between dapagliflozin and two potential UGT1A9 modulators.

METHODS: The results of two open-label, non-randomized, single-sequence studies are reported in which the effects of rifampin (a pleiotropic drug-metabolizing enzyme inducer; study 1) and mefenamic acid (a strong UGT1A9 inhibitor; study 2) were evaluated on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics (assessed by urinary glucose excretion [UGE]) of dapagliflozin in healthy subjects. In study 1, 14 subjects received single doses of dapagliflozin 10 mg alone and in the presence of rifampin 600 mg QD (6 days). In study 2, 16 subjects received single doses of dapagliflozin 10 mg alone and in the presence of mefenamic acid 250 mg q6h (5 days).

RESULTS: Rifampin reduced total exposure (area under the concentration-time curve from time 0 to infinity [AUC0-inf]) to dapagliflozin by 22% and mefenamic acid increased dapagliflozin AUC0-inf by 51%. No clinically meaningful effect of rifampin or mefenamic acid on the pharmacokinetics of dapagliflozin or on dapagliflozin-mediated urinary glucose excretion was observed.

CONCLUSION: Modest changes in dapagliflozin exposure were seen with rifampin and mefenamic acid with minor changes in UGE, none of which were considered clinically meaningful.

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