Implications of a new radiological approach for the assessment of Paget disease

Núria Guañabens, Delfín Rotés, Susana Holgado, Milena Gobbo, Miguel Ángel Descalzo, José Manuel Gorordo, M Angeles Martínez-Ferrer, Asunción Salmoral, Antonio Morales-Piga
Calcified Tissue International 2012, 91 (6): 409-15
In the present study, we quantified the proportion of skeletal involvement of Paget disease of bone (PDB) not captured by an abdominal X-ray. We also analyzed extension and severity over time and tested the hypothesis that X-rays from selected areas could replace bone scans for mapping PBD. We examined whole skeletal (99m)TC-MDP bone scans from 208 consecutive untreated patients. Pagetic bones included in an abdominal X-ray were delimited; disease extension and activity were calculated using Coutris's index as well as Renier's index and serum alkaline phosphatase (AP) values, respectively. The study period (1965-2007) was divided into quartiles according to the date of the diagnosis. The percentage of patients with PDB captured by an abdominal X-ray was 79 % (95 % CI 74-85 %). In the last quartile vs. the first quartile, PDB was diagnosed at a more advanced age (67 ± 11 vs. 57 ± 9 years, respectively), with a lower median extension (4 vs. 7) and similar median activity (32 vs. 35) but less activity through median AP values (183 vs. 485 UI/L). The skeletal locations to X-ray in order to capture up to 93 % of PDB extension were the abdomen, skull with facial bones, and both tibias. In conclusion, one-fifth of patients are underdiagnosed when assessing prevalence of PDB by an X-ray of the abdomen, and there is a secular trend to presentation in older patients with a decreasing extension of the disease. A set of X-rays that includes abdomen, skull with facial bones, and both tibias provides a reliable alternative to bone scans.

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