Less femoral lift-off and better femoral alignment in TKA using computer-assisted surgery

Seong Hwan Kim, Han-Jun Lee, Ho-Joong Jung, Jae Sung Lee, Ki Seong Kim
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2013, 21 (10): 2255-62

PURPOSE: A comparison has been made between navigation-assisted and conventional measured resection total knee arthroplasty (TKA), under the hypothesis that navigation assistance would improve the precision and consistency of component alignment and femoral component rotation.

METHODS: The following radiographic parameters were measured: mechanical femorotibial angle, coronal and sagittal component angle, and femoral component rotation. Femoral condylar lift-off was checked by axial radiographs, and thresholds for outliers were set at 1.0 mm.

RESULTS: Clinical results obtained using Knee Society and Hospital for Special Surgery systems were not statistically different. The mean mechanical femorotibial angle was 2.2° (SD: 0.9) in the conventional group and 1.7° (SD: 0.7) in navigation group (p = 0.001). The mean coronal femoral component angle was 89.2° (SD: 2.2) in conventional group and 90.4° (SD: 1.8) in navigation group (p = 0.006). The mean transepicondylar-posterior condylar axis angle was 1.7° (SD: 0.9) in conventional group and 1.2° (SD: 0.5) in navigation group (p = 0.008). Femoral condylar lift-off greater than 1 mm occurred more frequently (p = 0.000) in conventional group.

CONCLUSION: Coronal plane stability and precision of femoral component rotation were impacted by navigation system. The use of a navigation system with measured resection TKA can help optimize coronal stability and parallel component position.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Retrospective case control study, Level IV.

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