Effects of bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens on endometrial safety and bone in postmenopausal women

S Mirkin, B S Komm, K Pan, A A Chines
Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society 2013, 16 (3): 338-46
ABSTRACT Objectives Bazedoxifene/conjugated estrogens (BZA/CE) has demonstrated efficacy in improving vasomotor and vulvar/vaginal atrophy symptoms in postmenopausal women. This study evaluated the endometrial safety of BZA/CE and effects on bone mineral density (BMD) compared with CE/medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA) and placebo. Methods The Selective estrogens, Menopause, And Response to Therapy (SMART)-4 trial was a 1-year, multicenter, double-blind, randomized, placebo- and active-controlled, phase-3 study in non-hysterectomized, postmenopausal women (n = 1061; aged 40 -< 65 years). Subjects received BZA 20 mg/CE 0.45 or 0.625 mg, CE 0.45 mg/MPA 1.5 mg, or placebo daily. Primary endpoints were the incidence of endometrial hyperplasia and the change in lumbar spine BMD at 1 year. Secondary endpoints included the change in total hip BMD and rates of amenorrhea and breast pain. Results At 1 year, no cases of endometrial hyperplasia were identified in the BZA 20-mg/CE 0.45-mg group, while three cases (1.1%) were confirmed for the BZA 20-mg/CE 0.625-mg group (95% one-sided confidence interval upper limit < 4%). Both BZA/CE doses significantly increased lumbar spine and total hip BMD versus placebo (p ≤ 0.001) and showed low incidences of bleeding and breast tenderness, similar to placebo and significantly lower than for CE 0.45 mg/MPA 1.5 mg (p < 0.05). BZA/CE treatment was generally safe and well tolerated. Conclusions BZA 20 mg/CE 0.45 and 0.625 mg significantly improved BMD while maintaining endometrial safety and showed a favorable safety/tolerability profile over 1 year. BZA/CE may be a promising therapy for treating menopausal symptoms and preventing osteoporosis in non-hysterectomized, postmenopausal women.

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