Association of force steadiness of plantar flexor muscles and postural sway during quiet standing by young adults

Kazushige Oshita, Sumio Yano
Perceptual and Motor Skills 2012, 115 (1): 143-52
This study was conducted to assess the relations of force fluctuations during isometric plantar-flexion and postural sway during quiet standing. Twelve healthy men (M age = 21 yr., SD = 1) performed unilateral plantar flexion measured by a strain gauge force transducer. Participants performed force-matching tasks; sustained plantar flexion for 20 sec. at levels corresponding to 10% and 20% of maximum voluntary contraction with the visual feedback. Also, participants were asked to stand quietly with their eyes open, and then the center of mass displacement and velocity in the anteroposterior were measured. In analysis, postural sway was associated with force fluctuation at only 10% of maximum voluntary contraction. The statistically significant correlation between variables was found only at corresponding contraction intensities for plantar-flexor muscles. From this one may infer neural strategies in plantar-flexor muscles during quiet standing may be characteristics similar to those controlling the plantar-flexion force in young adults.

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