Effects of saxagliptin added to sub-maximal doses of metformin compared with uptitration of metformin in type 2 diabetes: the PROMPT study

Michel P Hermans, Tuncay Delibasi, Ian Farmer, Leif Lohm, Pierre Maheux, PierMarco Piatti, Elmas Malvolti, Silke Jörgens, Bernard Charbonnel
Current Medical Research and Opinion 2012, 28 (10): 1635-45

OBJECTIVE: The PROMPT study compared efficacy and tolerability of two treatment intensification strategies: adding saxagliptin or uptitrating metformin monotherapy, in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) and inadequate glycaemic control on a sub-maximal metformin dose.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this double-blind, 24-week study, metformin-tolerant patients with T2D on metformin monotherapy were randomised to receive fixed-dose metformin 1500 mg/day, plus either add-on saxagliptin 5 mg/day (SAXA-MET) or a two-step metformin uptitration (MET-UP) to a maximum dose (2500 mg/day).


MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Primary: absolute change from baseline in glycated haemoglobin A(1c) (HbA(1c)) (Week 24). Secondary: proportion of patients achieving a therapeutic glycaemic response (Week 24); change from baseline in fasting plasma glucose (Week 24); safety and tolerability. Exploratory analyses comprised three patient-related questionnaires, including the validated 5-dimension Digestive Health Status Index (DHSI).

RESULTS: A total of 286 patients were randomised: (SAXA-MET: 147; MET-UP: 139). Baseline mean (SD) HbA(1c): 7.71 (0.85; SAXA-MET); 7.80 (0.82; MET-UP). Adjusted mean reductions from baseline in HbA(1c) (Week 24): -0.47% (SAXA-MET); -0.38% (MET-UP); mean (95% CI) difference in treatment effect, -0.10% (-0.26, 0.07); p = 0.260. The proportion of patients (95% CI) achieving a therapeutic glycaemic response (HbA(1c) < 7%): 43.8% (34.8, 49.6) (SAXA-MET) vs. 35.0% (29.0, 43.8) (MET-UP). Of the five DHSI domains, mean (95% CI) differences were observed for diarrhoea-predominant score (+0.8 [-2.5, 4.0] vs. +7.9 [4.6, 11.2]) and dysmotility score (-0.5 [-2.0, 1.0] vs. +1.9 [0.3, 3.4]), (SAXA-MET and MET-UP, respectively). The most common adverse event was diarrhoea: 6.1% (SAXA-MET) vs. 12.2% (MET-UP).

CONCLUSIONS: In metformin-tolerant patients with T2D (inadequately controlled on sub-maximal metformin monotherapy), saxagliptin was well tolerated. Although HbA(1c) reduction was not significantly different between treatment groups, the lower occurrence of gastrointestinal symptoms in the SAXA-MET group suggests that saxagliptin add-on treatment may be a suitable alternative treatment strategy to metformin uptitration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"