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JOURNAL ARTICLE

The Korean version of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale: an extended validation

Young-Eun Jung, Jung-Ah Min, A Young Shin, Su Yeon Han, Kyoung-Uk Lee, Tae-Suk Kim, Joo-Eon Park, Sam-Wook Choi, Seung-Hwan Lee, Kyeong Sook Choi, Young Min Park, Jong-Min Woo, Soo-Young Bhang, Eun-Ho Kang, Won Kim, Jeong Jin Yu, Jeong-Ho Chae
Stress and Health: Journal of the International Society for the Investigation of Stress 2012, 28 (4): 319-26
23015460
The Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) is a brief self-rating questionnaire for measuring resilience. The aims of the present study were to describe the development of a Korean version of the CD-RISC (K-CD-RISC) and to more firmly establish its psychometric properties in terms of reliability and validity. The participants consisted of a general population sample (n=194) and psychiatric outpatients (n=127) with non-psychotic mood or anxiety disorders. The K-CD-RISC score means (standard deviation) were 65.9 (13.6) in the general population and 50.4 (20.5) in the psychiatric outpatients. The mean score of the general population was significantly higher than that of the psychiatric outpatients. Exploratory factor analysis revealed five factors, and the obtained factor structure was verified through confirmatory factor analysis. In the general population, the Cronbach's α coefficient of the K-CD-RISC was found to be 0.92. Greater resilience was found to be associated with less perceived stress, anxiety and depression and with higher levels of positive affect and purpose in life. Taken together, our findings suggest that the K-CD-RISC has good psychometric properties and is a valid and reliable tool for assessing resilience.

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