JOURNAL ARTICLE

Increased matrix metalloprotease-3 gene expression in ruptured rotator cuff tendons is associated with postoperative tendon retear

Masafumi Gotoh, Yasuhiro Mitsui, Hideaki Shibata, Tetsu Yamada, Isao Shirachi, Kenjiro Nakama, Takahiro Okawa, Fujio Higuchi, Kensei Nagata
Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 2013, 21 (8): 1807-12
23000921

PURPOSE: The role of matrix metalloproteases (MMPs) in ruptured rotator cuff tendons remains unknown. This study aimed to investigate the gene expression of MMPs in ruptured rotator cuff tendons and to compare their expression levels between patients with and without postoperative tendon retear.

METHODS: Twenty-four patients (a median age of 61 years: interquartile range, 55-66 years) with full-thickness rotator cuff tears were examined in this study. The marginal site of the ruptured tendon was harvested during surgery. The mRNA expression levels of collagen types I and III, MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-7, MMP-9, MMP-13, tissue inhibitor of MMP (TIMP)-1, and TIMP-2 were analysed by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. Postoperative retear was evaluated by magnetic resonance imaging at a minimum of 1 year following surgery.

RESULTS: The mRNA expression levels of MMP-3 and TIMP-1 in ruptured rotator cuff tendons were significantly increased in patients with postoperative retear (n = 6), compared with patients without retear (n = 18) (P = 0.04). For collagens, MMP-1, MMP-7, MMP-9, MMP-13, and TIMP-2, there were no significant differences in the mRNA expression levels in ruptured tendons between patients with and without retear.

CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that, in addition to up-regulation of TIMP-1 gene expression, increased MMP-3 gene expression in ruptured rotator cuff tendons is associated with postoperative tendon retear. Thus, drug therapy specifically targeting MMP-3 after rotator cuff repair should be considered in the future.

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