Use of unconventional dialysis access in patients with no viable alternative

Gabriel Herscu, Karen Woo, Fred A Weaver, Vincent L Rowe
Annals of Vascular Surgery 2013, 27 (3): 332-6

BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis patients who have exhausted all of the conventionally used veins for vascular access, including arteriovenous fistula, arteriovenous graft, and traditional catheter access sites, present a challenge to the treating physician. Transhepatic and translumbar inferior vena cava catheters have been used in these patients who have no other access site option. The objective of the study was to examine our experience with translumbar and transhepatic approach for catheter-based hemodialysis access in patients who have exhausted all other options.

METHODS: A retrospective review was performed from June 2000 to May 2011 of all patients who underwent transhepatic or translumbar inferior vena cava catheter placement for the purpose of hemodialysis. Data abstracted included previous access procedures, duration of use and patency of dialysis catheters, catheter-related complications, and mortality.

RESULTS: Seven patients were identified. Four patients underwent transhepatic access and three underwent translumbar access. Five patients were female and two were male. The mean age was 44 years. The etiology of renal failure was diabetes in four patients, congenital hypoplastic kidneys in two patients, and acute glomerulonephritis in one patient. A mean of 14 (range: 11-18) dialysis access procedures were performed before catheter placement by transhepatic/translumbar interventions. The initial device service interval for all patients ranged from 15 to 658 days, with a mean of 295 days and a median of 245 days. Total access site service interval ranged from 15 to 790 days, with a mean of 380 days and a median of 245 days.

CONCLUSION: Translumbar and transhepatic venous access is a viable long-term alternative route for catheter-based hemodialysis access in patients who have exhausted conventional options.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"