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JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Implementation of local/hospital-based health technology assessment initiatives in low- and middle-income countries

Randa Attieh, Marie-Pierre Gagnon
International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 2012, 28 (4): 445-51
22995126

OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to review the implementation of health technology assessment (HTA) at the local and hospital levels in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). This review will provide a starting point for identifying the conditions for HTA implementation in hospitals in LMIC through the analysis of experiments conducted in these countries.

METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was conducted to document the local-/hospital-level HTA experiments performed in LMIC.

RESULTS: This systematic review showed that few experiments of local HTA in LMIC have been published to date, with only five articles found in our survey. These documents report studies of clinical effectiveness and economic evaluation at the local level in certain Asian and Latin American countries. In addition, pharmaceuticals and medical devices were the most common topics covered by HTA at the local level in these countries.

CONCLUSIONS: Currently, HTA plays an increasingly important role in healthcare systems in supporting decision making for healthcare policies and practices. This systematic review contributes to identify priorities in the process and methodology of HTA implementation at the local/hospital level in LMIC. The paucity of HTA in LMIC is often assumed to be due to the lack of formally tasked HTA agencies, to politics and to shortage of resources.

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