JOURNAL ARTICLE

Montelukast inhibits caspase-3 activity and ameliorates oxidative damage in the spinal cord and urinary bladder of rats with spinal cord injury

Mehmet Erşahin, Özge Çevik, Dilek Akakın, Azize Şener, Latif Özbay, Berrak C Yegen, Göksel Şener
Prostaglandins & Other Lipid Mediators 2012, 99 (3): 131-9
22986158
Spinal cord injury (SCI) leads to an inflammatory response that generates substantial secondary damage within the tissue besides the primary damage. Leukotrienes are biologically active 5-lipoxygenase products of arachidonic acid metabolism that are involved in the mediation of various inflammatory disorders including SCI. In this study, we investigated the possible protective effects of montelukast, a leukotriene receptor blocker, on SCI-induced oxidative damage. Wistar albino rats (n=24) were divided randomly as control, vehicle- or montelukast (10mg/kg, ip)-treated SCI groups. To induce SCI, a standard weight-drop method that induced a moderately severe injury at T10 was used. Vehicle or montelukast were administered to the injured animals 15 min after injury. At seven days post-injury, neurological examination was performed and rats were decapitated. Blood samples were taken to evaluate leukotriene B4 levels, and pro-inflmamatory cytokines (TNF-α, IL-1β) while in spinal cord and urinary bladder samples malondialdehyde (MDA), glutathione (GSH), luminol chemiluminescence (CL) levels and myeloperoxidase (MPO) and caspase-3 activities were determined. Tissues were also evaluated histologically. SCI caused significant decreases in tissue GSH, which were accompanied with significant increases in luminol CL and MDA levels and MPO and caspase-3 activities, while pro-inflammatory cytokines in the plasma were elevated. On the other hand, montelukast treatment reversed these parameters and improved histological findings. In conclusion, SCI caused oxidative tissue injury through the activation of pro-inflammatory mediators and by neutrophil infiltration into tissues, and the neuroprotective and antiapoptotic effects of montelukast are mediated by the inhibition of lipid peroxidation, neutrophil accumulation and pro-inflammatory cytokine release. Moreover, montelukast does not only exert antioxidant and antiapoptotic effects on the spinal cord, but it has a significant impact on the bladder tissue damage secondary to SCI.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22986158
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"