MicroRNA-145 targeted therapy reduces atherosclerosis

Fina Lovren, Yi Pan, Adrian Quan, Krishna K Singh, Praphulla C Shukla, Nandini Gupta, Brent M Steer, Alistair J Ingram, Milan Gupta, Mohammed Al-Omran, Hwee Teoh, Philip A Marsden, Subodh Verma
Circulation 2012 September 11, 126 (11): S81-90

BACKGROUND: MicroRNA are essential posttranscriptional modulators of gene expression implicated in various chronic diseases. Because microRNA-145 is highly expressed in vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) and regulates VSMC fate and plasticity, we hypothesized that it may be a novel regulator of atherosclerosis and plaque stability.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Apolipoprotein E knockout mice (ApoE(-/-)) mice were treated with either a microRNA-145 lentivirus under the control of the smooth muscle cell (SMC)-specific promoter SM22α or a SM22α control lentivirus before commencing the Western diet for 12 weeks. The SMC-targeted microRNA-145 treatment markedly reduced plaque size in aortic sinuses, ascending aortas, and brachiocephalic arteries. It also significantly increased fibrous cap area, reduced necrotic core area, and increased plaque collagen content. Cellular plaque composition analyses revealed significantly less macrophages in ApoE(-/-) mice treated with the SMC-specific microRNA-145. These mice also demonstrated marked increases in calponin levels and α-smooth muscle actin-positive SMC areas in their atherosclerotic lesions. Furthermore, lentiviral delivery of microRNA-145 resulted in reduced KLF4 and elevated myocardin expression in aortas from ApoE(-/-) mice, consistent with an effect of microRNA-145 to promote a contractile phenotype in VSMC.

CONCLUSIONS: VSMC-specific overexpression of microRNA-145 is a novel in vivo therapeutic target to limit atherosclerotic plaque morphology and cellular composition, shifting the balance toward plaque stability vs plaque rupture.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"